IDA notebook

1. 常用宏定义

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/*

This file contains definitions used by the Hex-Rays decompiler output.
It has type definitions and convenience macros to make the
output more readable.

Copyright (c) 2007-2011 Hex-Rays

*/

#if defined(__GNUC__)
typedef long long ll;
typedef unsigned long long ull;
#define __int64 long long
#define __int32 int
#define __int16 short
#define __int8 char
#define MAKELL(num) num ## LL
#define FMT_64 "ll"
#elif defined(_MSC_VER)
typedef __int64 ll;
typedef unsigned __int64 ull;
#define MAKELL(num) num ## i64
#define FMT_64 "I64"
#elif defined (__BORLANDC__)
typedef __int64 ll;
typedef unsigned __int64 ull;
#define MAKELL(num) num ## i64
#define FMT_64 "L"
#else
#error "unknown compiler"
#endif
typedef unsigned int uint;
typedef unsigned char uchar;
typedef unsigned short ushort;
typedef unsigned long ulong;

typedef char int8;
typedef signed char sint8;
typedef unsigned char uint8;
typedef short int16;
typedef signed short sint16;
typedef unsigned short uint16;
typedef int int32;
typedef signed int sint32;
typedef unsigned int uint32;
typedef ll int64;
typedef ll sint64;
typedef ull uint64;

// Partially defined types:
#define _BYTE uint8
#define _WORD uint16
#define _DWORD uint32
#define _QWORD uint64
#if !defined(_MSC_VER)
#define _LONGLONG __int128
#endif

#ifndef _WINDOWS_
typedef int8 BYTE;
typedef int16 WORD;
typedef int32 DWORD;
typedef int32 LONG;
#endif
typedef int64 QWORD;
#ifndef __cplusplus
typedef int bool; // we want to use bool in our C programs
#endif

// Some convenience macros to make partial accesses nicer
// first unsigned macros:
#define LOBYTE(x) (*((_BYTE*)&(x))) // low byte
#define LOWORD(x) (*((_WORD*)&(x))) // low word
#define LODWORD(x) (*((_DWORD*)&(x))) // low dword
#define HIBYTE(x) (*((_BYTE*)&(x)+1))
#define HIWORD(x) (*((_WORD*)&(x)+1))
#define HIDWORD(x) (*((_DWORD*)&(x)+1))
#define BYTEn(x, n) (*((_BYTE*)&(x)+n))
#define WORDn(x, n) (*((_WORD*)&(x)+n))
#define BYTE1(x) BYTEn(x, 1) // byte 1 (counting from 0)
#define BYTE2(x) BYTEn(x, 2)
#define BYTE3(x) BYTEn(x, 3)
#define BYTE4(x) BYTEn(x, 4)
#define BYTE5(x) BYTEn(x, 5)
#define BYTE6(x) BYTEn(x, 6)
#define BYTE7(x) BYTEn(x, 7)
#define BYTE8(x) BYTEn(x, 8)
#define BYTE9(x) BYTEn(x, 9)
#define BYTE10(x) BYTEn(x, 10)
#define BYTE11(x) BYTEn(x, 11)
#define BYTE12(x) BYTEn(x, 12)
#define BYTE13(x) BYTEn(x, 13)
#define BYTE14(x) BYTEn(x, 14)
#define BYTE15(x) BYTEn(x, 15)
#define WORD1(x) WORDn(x, 1)
#define WORD2(x) WORDn(x, 2) // third word of the object, unsigned
#define WORD3(x) WORDn(x, 3)
#define WORD4(x) WORDn(x, 4)
#define WORD5(x) WORDn(x, 5)
#define WORD6(x) WORDn(x, 6)
#define WORD7(x) WORDn(x, 7)

// now signed macros (the same but with sign extension)
#define SLOBYTE(x) (*((int8*)&(x)))
#define SLOWORD(x) (*((int16*)&(x)))
#define SLODWORD(x) (*((int32*)&(x)))
#define SHIBYTE(x) (*((int8*)&(x)+1))
#define SHIWORD(x) (*((int16*)&(x)+1))
#define SHIDWORD(x) (*((int32*)&(x)+1))
#define SBYTEn(x, n) (*((int8*)&(x)+n))
#define SWORDn(x, n) (*((int16*)&(x)+n))
#define SBYTE1(x) SBYTEn(x, 1)
#define SBYTE2(x) SBYTEn(x, 2)
#define SBYTE3(x) SBYTEn(x, 3)
#define SBYTE4(x) SBYTEn(x, 4)
#define SBYTE5(x) SBYTEn(x, 5)
#define SBYTE6(x) SBYTEn(x, 6)
#define SBYTE7(x) SBYTEn(x, 7)
#define SBYTE8(x) SBYTEn(x, 8)
#define SBYTE9(x) SBYTEn(x, 9)
#define SBYTE10(x) SBYTEn(x, 10)
#define SBYTE11(x) SBYTEn(x, 11)
#define SBYTE12(x) SBYTEn(x, 12)
#define SBYTE13(x) SBYTEn(x, 13)
#define SBYTE14(x) SBYTEn(x, 14)
#define SBYTE15(x) SBYTEn(x, 15)
#define SWORD1(x) SWORDn(x, 1)
#define SWORD2(x) SWORDn(x, 2)
#define SWORD3(x) SWORDn(x, 3)
#define SWORD4(x) SWORDn(x, 4)
#define SWORD5(x) SWORDn(x, 5)
#define SWORD6(x) SWORDn(x, 6)
#define SWORD7(x) SWORDn(x, 7)


// Helper functions to represent some assembly instructions.

#ifdef __cplusplus

// Fill memory block with an integer value
inline void memset32(void *ptr, uint32 value, int count)
{
uint32 *p = (uint32 *)ptr;
for ( int i=0; i < count; i++ )
*p++ = value;
}

// Generate a reference to pair of operands
template<class T> int16 __PAIR__( int8 high, T low) { return ((( int16)high) << sizeof(high)*8) | uint8(low); }
template<class T> int32 __PAIR__( int16 high, T low) { return ((( int32)high) << sizeof(high)*8) | uint16(low); }
template<class T> int64 __PAIR__( int32 high, T low) { return ((( int64)high) << sizeof(high)*8) | uint32(low); }
template<class T> uint16 __PAIR__(uint8 high, T low) { return (((uint16)high) << sizeof(high)*8) | uint8(low); }
template<class T> uint32 __PAIR__(uint16 high, T low) { return (((uint32)high) << sizeof(high)*8) | uint16(low); }
template<class T> uint64 __PAIR__(uint32 high, T low) { return (((uint64)high) << sizeof(high)*8) | uint32(low); }

// rotate left
template<class T> T __ROL__(T value, uint count)
{
const uint nbits = sizeof(T) * 8;
count %= nbits;

T high = value >> (nbits - count);
value <<= count;
value |= high;
return value;
}

// rotate right
template<class T> T __ROR__(T value, uint count)
{
const uint nbits = sizeof(T) * 8;
count %= nbits;

T low = value << (nbits - count);
value >>= count;
value |= low;
return value;
}

// carry flag of left shift
template<class T> int8 __MKCSHL__(T value, uint count)
{
const uint nbits = sizeof(T) * 8;
count %= nbits;

return (value >> (nbits-count)) & 1;
}

// carry flag of right shift
template<class T> int8 __MKCSHR__(T value, uint count)
{
return (value >> (count-1)) & 1;
}

// sign flag
template<class T> int8 __SETS__(T x)
{
if ( sizeof(T) == 1 )
return int8(x) < 0;
if ( sizeof(T) == 2 )
return int16(x) < 0;
if ( sizeof(T) == 4 )
return int32(x) < 0;
return int64(x) < 0;
}

// overflow flag of subtraction (x-y)
template<class T, class U> int8 __OFSUB__(T x, U y)
{
if ( sizeof(T) < sizeof(U) )
{
U x2 = x;
int8 sx = __SETS__(x2);
return (sx ^ __SETS__(y)) & (sx ^ __SETS__(x2-y));
}
else
{
T y2 = y;
int8 sx = __SETS__(x);
return (sx ^ __SETS__(y2)) & (sx ^ __SETS__(x-y2));
}
}

// overflow flag of addition (x+y)
template<class T, class U> int8 __OFADD__(T x, U y)
{
if ( sizeof(T) < sizeof(U) )
{
U x2 = x;
int8 sx = __SETS__(x2);
return ((1 ^ sx) ^ __SETS__(y)) & (sx ^ __SETS__(x2+y));
}
else
{
T y2 = y;
int8 sx = __SETS__(x);
return ((1 ^ sx) ^ __SETS__(y2)) & (sx ^ __SETS__(x+y2));
}
}

// carry flag of subtraction (x-y)
template<class T, class U> int8 __CFSUB__(T x, U y)
{
int size = sizeof(T) > sizeof(U) ? sizeof(T) : sizeof(U);
if ( size == 1 )
return uint8(x) < uint8(y);
if ( size == 2 )
return uint16(x) < uint16(y);
if ( size == 4 )
return uint32(x) < uint32(y);
return uint64(x) < uint64(y);
}

// carry flag of addition (x+y)
template<class T, class U> int8 __CFADD__(T x, U y)
{
int size = sizeof(T) > sizeof(U) ? sizeof(T) : sizeof(U);
if ( size == 1 )
return uint8(x) > uint8(x+y);
if ( size == 2 )
return uint16(x) > uint16(x+y);
if ( size == 4 )
return uint32(x) > uint32(x+y);
return uint64(x) > uint64(x+y);
}

#else
// The following definition is not quite correct because it always returns
// uint64. The above C++ functions are good, though.
#define __PAIR__(high, low) (((uint64)(high)<<sizeof(high)*8) | low)
// For C, we just provide macros, they are not quite correct.
#define __ROL__(x, y) __rotl__(x, y) // Rotate left
#define __ROR__(x, y) __rotr__(x, y) // Rotate right
#define __CFSHL__(x, y) invalid_operation // Generate carry flag for (x<<y)
#define __CFSHR__(x, y) invalid_operation // Generate carry flag for (x>>y)
#define __CFADD__(x, y) invalid_operation // Generate carry flag for (x+y)
#define __CFSUB__(x, y) invalid_operation // Generate carry flag for (x-y)
#define __OFADD__(x, y) invalid_operation // Generate overflow flag for (x+y)
#define __OFSUB__(x, y) invalid_operation // Generate overflow flag for (x-y)
#endif

// No definition for rcl/rcr because the carry flag is unknown
#define __RCL__(x, y) invalid_operation // Rotate left thru carry
#define __RCR__(x, y) invalid_operation // Rotate right thru carry
#define __MKCRCL__(x, y) invalid_operation // Generate carry flag for a RCL
#define __MKCRCR__(x, y) invalid_operation // Generate carry flag for a RCR
#define __SETP__(x, y) invalid_operation // Generate parity flag for (x-y)

// In the decompilation listing there are some objects declarared as _UNKNOWN
// because we could not determine their types. Since the C compiler does not
// accept void item declarations, we replace them by anything of our choice,
// for example a char:

#define _UNKNOWN char

#ifdef _MSC_VER
#define snprintf _snprintf
#define vsnprintf _vsnprintf
#endif

2. 快捷键

Shirt+F12,打开字符串内容窗口
Ctrl+S,有两个用途,在正常打开so文件的IDA View视图的时候,可以查看so对应的Segement信息;当在调试页面的时候,ctrl+s可以快速定位到我们想要调试的so文件映射到内存的地址
G快捷键:在IDA调试页面的时候,我们可以使用S键快速跳转到指定的内存位置
调试快捷键:F8单步调试,F7单步进入调试,F9快捷键运行